Animationsfilm in Japan bis 1917
[Animated film in Japan until 1917. The beginnings of anime and its western roots.]
Norderstedt: BoD - Books on Demand, 2016. vii, 103 pp. 18 ill. ISBN: 978-3-7412-8538-7.
Die Anfänge des Anime und seine westlichen Wurzeln
[For orders from outside Germany you can use, for example, Amazon Germany
or Amazon Japan]
Kurzbeschreibung und Inhaltsverzeichnis auf Deutsch
In 2017, anime will celebrate its 100th birthday ‒ or so it is believed. In fact, in 1917 the first Japanese animated movies were
screened in cinemas in Tokyo, yet at least one very short animated film already existed in Japan years earlier. This loop film, known as
"Katsudō shashin", was made for home kinematographs, and it was highly likely inspired by similar German
loop films which count among the oldest and least known animated films in the world.
Of course, this study also discusses all the Japanese animated movies shown in 1917, as well as their technical backgrounds and
the three anime pioneers who created them. It also covers western animation shown in Japan up to 1917, for example the "Col. Heeza Liar"
movies by J. R. Bray, and articles in Japanese on animation know-how, critically engaging with claims about the creativity and achievements
of those anime pioneers.
This is the first monograph and the only comprehensive and up-to-date study on the beginnings of animated film in Japan in any language;
some information presented here, e.g. a summary of the contents of the only anime made in 1919, has been unknown up to now.
[Please note that this book is in German, but includes Japanese characters in the appendix.]
||State of the field and purpose of this study
||Definitions of western technical terms
||Explanations of Japanese technical terms
||Printed animation in Germany and Japan
||Early German kinematographs and printed animation
||Carette in Japan
||Western animated movies and know-how in Japan until 1917
||Western animated movies in Japan until early 1912
||Nipparu no henkei
||Western animated movies in Japan from 1914 to 1917
||Japanese articles on western animation know-how 1916/17
||The pioneers of Japanese animated movies
||Shimokawa Ōten a.k.a. Shimokawa Hekoten
||The three film companies Nikkatsu, Tenkatsu and Kobayashi Shōkai
||Japanese animated movies in 1917
||What was left?
||Remarks on usage
||Glossary of Japanese words