Freddy Litten

(Frederick S. Litten)

abstracts 3

anime and manga

Ein Bild von einer Schwester ‒ Die Darstellung der Pflege im japanischen Manga
[A picture of a nurse ‒ the portrayal of nursing in Japanese manga];
in: Pflegezeitschrift, Jg. 62, Heft 7, 2009, S. 417-420

Nurses and nursing are shown in manga in a number of ways, ranging from a fictional, but quite realistically drawn series on a nurse's work via comic strips to non-fiction care manuals and biographical manga. By focussing on what would seem to be a narrow and unusual topic, the true diversity of manga becomes apparent.

Der Animationsmarkt in Japan [The animation market in Japan];
in: Japan aktuell - Journal of Current Japanese Affairs, Vol. XVI, Heft 4, 2008, S. 87-103.

On 22 October 1958, "Hakujaden" ("Panda and the Magic Serpent") premiered in Tokyo. This was Japan's first full-length animated movie in color, as well as the beginning of commercially produced Japanese animation, later to be called "anime". From humble beginnings, animation in Japan has grown into an industry turning over about 2 billion USD in 2006, with even larger sales of "character goods" based on animation. The article presents key data on this market (movies, television series, dvds, network-based distribution) and its recent development.

Let us edutain you!? Nishizawa Akios "Nitaboh" und "Mein Heimatland Japan"
[Let us edutain you!? Nishizawa Akios "Nitaboh" and "Furusato Japan"];
in: FUNime - Magazin für Anime und Manga, Nr. 53, 2008, S. 14-17.

Nishizawa Akio, president of Wao Corp., a Japanese educational services company, produced and directed his first anime movie, "Nitaboh", in 2004, following up with "Furusato Japan" in 2006. Both movies combine history and music, and are meant by Nishizawa to be "edutainment". The article critically analyzes this claim.

"Die Reise nach Westen" geht nach Osten, oder wie Son Gokū zum Anime kam
[The "Journey to the West" goes east, or how Son Goku came to anime];
in: FUNime - Magazin für Anime und Manga, Nr. 52, 2008, S. 12-16

"The Journey to the West" was one of the most popular Chinese novels of the Ming dynasty, and also became well-known in Japan. Several animated shorts based on this novel, and especially its "hero" Son Goku, were produced in Japan before World War Two. However, a Chinese animated feature film, "Princess Iron Fan" (1941), would prove to be more influential on the manga and anime by Tezuka Osamu based upon "Journey to the West" in the 1950s and 1960s. These works are briefly introduced and compared in the article, to show how they moved ever further away from the original text.

Kinderleid und Kinderfreud ‒ Nippon Animations "World Masterpiece Theatre"
[Children's sorrow and children's joy ‒ Nippon Animation's "World Masterpiece Theater"];
in: FUNime - Magazin für Anime und Manga, Nr. 49, 2007, S. 6-9

Following the success of "Heidi" in 1974, the Japanese studio "Nippon Animation" produced 23 anime tv series based mostly on Western children's books. In 1997 the franchise ended because of low ratings, to be revived only in 2007. The article tells the story of the "World Masterpiece Theater", as this series of series came to be known, and gives several reasons why this was, in fact, a more coherent body of work than might be assumed.